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Sunday, April 29, 2018

Most Important 200+ Computer Related Short Forms & Full Forms Abbreviations


Most Used Computer & Internet Related Terms
Guest Post by B.Sc (Eng) Md. Nadimul Islam; CSE, RUET

Abbreviations are given below:

PC – PERSONAL COMPUTER
COMPUTER  – COMMONLY OPERATING MACHINE PARTICULARLY USED FOR TECHNOLOGY ENTERTAINMENT AND RESEARCH
Computer Language Related Terms:
HTML – HYPER TEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE
AJAX–ASYNCHRONOUS JAVASCRIPT AND XML
ORACLE–OAK RIDGE AUTOMATIC COMPUTER AND LOGICAL ENGINE
RDBMS–RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
SQL–STRUCTURED QUERY LANGUAGE
XML–EXTENSIBLE MARKUP LANGUAGE
PERL–PRACTICAL EXTRACTION AND REPORT LANGUAGE

PHP–HYPERTEXT PREPROCESSOR
ASP–ACTIVE SERVER PAGES
API–APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACES
XHTML–EXTENSIBLE HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE
CSS–CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
ASCII–AMERICAN STANDARD CODE FOR INFORMATION INTERCHANGE
XSL- EXTENSIBLE STYLE SHEET LANGUAGE
J2EE- JAVA 2 PLATFORM ENTERPRISE EDITION
JSP- JAVA SERVER PAGE
VBS – VISUAL BASIC SCRIPTING LANGUAGE
JS – JAVA SCRIPT
Computer Media Related Terms
3GP – 3RD GENERATION PROTOCOL
3GPP – 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT
AAC – ADVANCED AUDIO CODEC
AC3 – DOLBY DIGITAL SOUND FILE
AIFF – AUDIO INTERCHANGE FILE FORMAT
AMR – ADOPTIVE MULTI RATE
AWB – ADOPTIVE MULTI RATE WIDEBAND
AVI – AUDIO VIDEO INTERLEAVED
CDA – COMPACT DISK AUDIO
DLL – DYNAMIK LINK LIBRARY
DVD – DIGITAL VIDEO DISK
EXE – EXECUTABLE FORMAT
FLAC – FREE LOSSLESS AUDIO CODEC
FLV – FLASH LIVE VIDEO
JPEG – JOINT PHOTOGRAPHIC EXPERT GROUP
BMP – BITMAP
GIF – GRAPHICS INTERCHANGE FORMAT
JAD – JAVA APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
JAR – JAVA ARCHIVE
MIDI – MUSICAL INSTRUMENT DIGITAL INTERFACE
MMF – MUSIC MOBILE FORMAT
MP2 – MPEG AUDIO LAYER 2
MP3 – MPEG AUDIO LAYER 3
MP4 – MPEG LAYER 4
MPEG – MOTION PICTURE EXPERTS GROUP
PDF – PORTABLE DOCUMENT FORMAT
PNG – PORTABLE NETWORK/NEW GRAPHICS
RM – REAL MEDIA
SIS – SYMBIAN INSTALLATION SOURCE
SWF- SHOCK WAVE FLASH
ZIP – ZONE IMPROVEMENT PLAN
VCD – VIDEO COMPACT DISK
VOB – VIDEO OBJECT
WAV – WAVEFORM PCM AUDIO
WMA – WINDOWS MEDIA AUDIO
PDF – PORTABLE DOCUMENT FORMAT
M3G – MOBILE 3D GRAPHICS
M4A – MPEG-4 AUDIO FILE
MMF – SYNTHETIC MUSIC MOBILE APPLICATION FILE
XMF – EXTENSIBLE MUSIC FILE
WBMP – WIRELESS BITMAP IMAGE
DVX – DIVX VIDEO
WML – WIRELESS MARKUP LANGUAGE
CD – COMPACT DISK.
DVD – DIGITAL VERSATILE DISK.
CRT – CATHODE RAY TUBE.
DAT – DIGITAL AUDIO TAPE.
DOS – DISK OPERATING SYSTEM.
GUI – GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE.

Internet Related Terms:
HTTP – HYPER TEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL.
HTTPS – HYPER TEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL SECURE.
IP – INTERNET PROTOCOL.
ISP – INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER.
TCP – TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL.
UPS – UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY.
VHF – VERY HIGH FREQUENCY.
UHF – ULTRA HIGH FREQUENCY.
ALU- ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT
URL – UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR.
WINDOWS – WIDE INTERACTIVE NETWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF OFFICE WORK SOLUTION
AMD – ADVANCE MICRO DEVICE
ASPI – ADVACNE SCSI PROGRAMMING INTERFACE
ASIC – APPLICATION SPECIFIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
EPROM – ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY.
FPS – FRAME PER SECOND
USB – UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS.
VIRUS – VITAL INFORMATION RESOURCE UNDER SEIZED.
RAM–RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY
ROM–READ ONLY MEMORY
MIME–MULTIPURPOSE INTERNET MAIL EXTENSIONS
SMTP–SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL
IMAP–INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL
HSDPA – HIGH SPEED DOWNLINK PACKET ACCESS.
EDGE – ENHANCED DATA RATE FOR GSM EVOLUTION.
GPRS – GENERAL PACKET RADIO SERVICE.
3G – 3RD GENERATION.
GSM – GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION.
CDMA – CODE DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS.
UMTS – UNIVERSAL MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM.
ARPANET – ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECT AGENCY NETWORK.
AM/FM – AMPLITUDE/ FREQUENCY MODULATION.
WLAN –  WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK
CPU – CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT
RAM – RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY
ROM – READ ONLY MEMORY
PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory
HDD – Hard Disk Drive
FDD – Floppy Disk Drive
KBD – KeyBoard
I/O – Input & Output
CD – Compact Disk
DVD – Digital Video Disk
SMPS – Switch Mode Power Supply
POST – Power ON Self Test
BIOS – Basic Input Output System
VDU – Visible Display Unit
LED – Light Embedded Diode
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
USB – Universal Serial Bus
VGA – Video/Visual Graphic Adapter
LAN – Local Area Network
WAN – Wide Area Network
MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
HLL – High Level Language
LLL – Low Level Language
MIPS – Million of Instruction Per Second
Mbps – Mega Bytes Per second
Kbps – Kilo Bytes per second
CMD – COMMAND
KB – KILOBYTE
MB – MEGA BYTE
GB – GIGA BYTE
GiB – GIBI BYTE
TB – TERA BYTE
TiB – TEBI BYTE
PB – PETA BYTE
PiB – PEBI BYTE
EB – EXA BYTE
EiB – EXBI BYTE
ZB – ZETTA BYTE
ZiB – ZEBI BYTE
YB – YOTTA BYTE
YiB – YOBI BYTE
LCD – LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
LED – LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE
NTFS – NEW TECHNOLOGY FILE SYSTEM
FAT – FILE ALLOCATION TABLE
DOC – DOCUMENT
TXT – TEXT
SD – SECURE DIGITAL
USB – UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS
IT – INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
NET – INTERNET
IP – INTERNET PROTOCOL
AP – ACCESS POINT
DNS – DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM
HTTP – HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL
HTTPS – HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL SECURE
HTML – HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE
PHP – HYPERTEXT PREPROCESSOR
XML – EXTENSIBLE MARKUP LANGUAGE
CSS – CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
ASP – ACTIVE SERVER PAGES
SQL – STRUCTURED QUERY LANGUAGE
RSS – REALLY SIMPLE SYNDICATION
DMCA – DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYRIGHT ACT
IPV4 – INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 4
IPV6 – INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 6
VOIP – VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL
FAQ – FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
SEO – SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION
1024 Bytes – 1 Kilo Byte ( KB )
1024 KB – 1 Mega Byte ( MB )
1024 MB – 1 Gyga Byte ( GB )
1024 GB – 1 Tera Byte ( TB )
1024 TB – 1 Peta Byte ( PB )
1024 PB – 1 Exa Byte ( EB )
1024 EB – 1 Zetta Byte ( ZB )
1024 ZB – 1 Yotta Byte ( YB )

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